Circumcision -
Breastfeeding Outcomes and Cognitive Ability

Speculative claims that circumcision has an adverse effect on breastfeeding outcomes have been disproven by research. A longitudinal study in New Zealand found no difference between circumcised and uncircumcised boys in the following: starting breastfeeding, breastfed at 1 month of age, exclusively breastfed at 4 months, stopping breastfeeding due to poor response, duration of breastfeeding) [Fergusson et al., 2007].  There was also no difference in the following conditions concerning child health: gastrointestinal problems, lower respiratory illness, eczema, asthma (for ages 0–2 years), and cognitive ability outcomes later in childhood (namely, IQ at ages 8–9 years and scholastic ability scores at age 13). This well-designed birth cohort study involved 1,000 males in New Zealand born in the early 70s. In fact respiratory tract infections in uncircumcised infants in this study were twice as high as in the circumcised (21% vs. 11%).

Similarly, a study in Turkey found no difference in feeding frequency, nor in urination, stooling and serum bilirubin between 30 boys circumcised 2 days after birth compared with 30 not circumcised [Erog˘lu et al., 2008]. There were two who developed jaundice, but they were in the uncircumcised group.


Circumcision Info

What is circumcision?
Who in the world gets circumised?
The circumcision debate.
Circumcision history and recent trends.
Position statements by national pediatric bodies.
Why the foreskin increases infection risk.
Circumcision - 'shapshot' of health benefits + reviews.
Different specialists see different things.
Circumcision - benefits outweigh the risks.
Pain and memory.
Penile hygiene.
What motivates parents to baby boy circumcision.
Rates of circumcision.
Physical problems.
Inflammatory dermatoses.
Urinary tract infections.
Sexually transmitted infections.
Cancer of the penis.
Prostate cancer.
Cervical cancer in female partners of uncircumcised men.
Breast cancer in female partners of uncircumcised men.
Herpes simplex type 2 virus in women.
Chlamydia in women.
Trichomonas in women.
Bacterial vaginosis in women.
HIV: the AIDS virus.
Circumcision Socio-sexual aspects.
Circumcision - sensitivity, sensation & sexual function.
Circumcision - societal class distinction.
Circumcision prevents infibulation.
Circumcision procedure.
Circumcision & Anesthesia.
Cost of the Circumcision procedure.
Cost benefit of Circumcision.
Circumcision - how do I find someone to do it?.
Circumcision - whose responsibility?...legal
Risks in infants.
Circumcision - risks in adults & older boys.
Circumcision - breastfeeding outcomes and cognitive ability.
Circumcision, does it affect penis length?
Circumcision - why are human males born with a foreskin?
Circumcision - best not to delay til later.
Circumcision - what caused many cultures to ritually remove the foreskin?
Summary
SUMMARY
Conclusion
CONCLUSION
References
In Alphabetical Order
(A – I)(J – R)(S – Z)
Brochures
Brochures, circumcision information guide.
Anti Circumcision
Anti-circumcision lobby groups.
Links & Resources
Circumcision websites & online discussion groups.
BOOK: "In Favour of Circumcision".
About the Author - Professor Emeritus Brian J. Morris.
Adult circumcision stories - testimonials and more.
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